A reading from Ma’ariful Qur’ān, Sūrah As-Sajdah, Verse 7

Everything is good in this world. Evil comes through its wrong use

[Sourced from: Ma’ariful Qur’ān (completed in the 1970s) by Mufti Muhammad Shafi, English Translation, Volume 7, Sūrah As-Sajdah, page 69]

الَّذِي أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ


“Who made well whatever He (Allah) created,” (Quran, 32:7)

In verse 7, it was said “Who made well whatever He (Allah) created”. The reason is that Allah Ta‘ālā has made whatever He has created in this world under the dictate of His wisdom, and under the essential consideration of what is beneficial for the whole system. Therefore, everything has a beauty of its own. And the most beautiful and better than all is the making of man as it was “Surely, We did create man in the best of symmetry,” (Quran, 95:4).

Then there are creations other than man that may outwardly be taken as bad. In fact, dogs, pigs, snakes, scorpions and wolves are commonly considered bad because they are either poisonous or beastly. But, in terms of the expedient benefits of the world as a whole, none of these are really bad. A proverbial poetic observation in Urdu puts it as:

“There is nothing useless in the world
There is no one bad in the workshop of nature.”

The author of Bayān ul-Qur’ān has said, “the text كُلَّ شَيْءٍ (whatever) includes all substances and accidents, that is, also things which have corporeal substance, such as, animals, plants and minerals etc. as well as incorporeal things which include morals and deed. So much so that morals which are identified as bad – anger, greed, desire and the likes – are not bad in themselves. The bad about them emerges when they are used out of place. If they stay in their proper place, there is nothing bad in them. But, the sense being driven home here relates to the objective of their creation (takwīn) and introduction of these things – for that is nothing but good according to divine wisdom. However, the qualities of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ are attached to them in relation to the human acts and their effects on individuals. We can call it one’s right or choice employed in doing something. Then, in those terms, everything is not good, in fact, it is circumscribed by a little detail, that is, whatever has not been allowed by Allah Ta‘ālā is not good, but is, rather bad.” Allah knows best.

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