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Eid-ul-Fitr – #TheEidConnection

Community. Creation. Creator. Connect.


Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر‎), “festival of breaking of the fast”, is a religious day celebrated by Muslims across the globe. It marks the end of Ramadan – the Islamic holy month of fasting. A special Salaat (Islamic prayer) is prayed in the morning, generally in an open field, or in a large hall, or in a masjid (mosque). Eid presents an important opportunity for us as Muslims to connect to our Creator, to our community and to other creations. By acting wiser and thinking deeper, Eid can be a day for us to be more environmentally spiritual and sustainable.

Eid-ul-Fitr 2017, Green Deen South Africa, poster 1


There are various aspects for you to consider to ensure that your Eid prayers, feasting and festivities are more environmentally friendly and sustainable, especially in light of the Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). From transport and clothing, to feasting and environmental cleanliness, take this Eid-ul-Fitr as an opportunity for you to do your bit for the environment with the intention of serving our Creator Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) .

Don’t ever think that any action is too small. As Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) reminds us in the noble Quran: “No leaf ever falls but that He knows about it, and there is no grain in the dark layers of the earth, or anything fresh or dry that is not recorded in a manifest book.” (Quran, 6:59).

Eid-ul-Fitr 2017, Green Deen South Africa, poster 2


1) Locomotion

”The  servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk on the earth humbly, and when the ignorant people speak to them (with bad words), they reply peacefully”. (Quran, 25:63)

It was the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) to walk to the Eid Gaah for prayers on Eid morning, often using two different routes. In the days leading up to Eid and on the day of Eid itself, consider how you can reduce your carbon footprint and fuel costs, and also become more physically active in the process. When dropping of the children at school and madressah, when going to work, when doing the shopping and visiting rounds, and when going to the masjid, plan your trips beforehand. Fewer trips means less stress, less time wasted, and a lower carbon fuel footprint.  Form lift clubs with friends, family, neighbours and colleagues. When possible, opt for walking and cycling. Remember, the more people that we have walking and cycling the streets, the safer it becomes for all of us, Insha’Allah. Remember to try to uphold the Sunnah and walk to the Eid Gaah or masjid for Eid Salaah. Jump in with a fellow Muslim and reduce traffic and parking issues!

2) Clothing

”Oh Children of Adam, wear your good clothes to every place of worship, and eat and drink, but do not commit ‘Isrāf’ (do not be excessive), because Allah does not love those who commit ‘Isrāf’ (are excessive).” (Quran, 7:31)

Ibn Abi’d-Dunya and al-Bayhaqi have reported with a saheeh (authentic) isnaad (chain of narrations) that Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه ) used to wear his best clothes on the two Eids. The days of Eid, for many of us, are the occasions of the year when we wear our best. More often than not, we choose this time to buy a new outfit for the year – especially when it comes to buying a good set of clothing for our children.

While celebrating the blessings that we have been granted with by Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), there are some considerations that we can take to ensure that our purchases of clothing will be kinder to people and to the planet:

  • Wear clothing that is modest and that is in line with the dress code that our Deen has recommended for us.
  • Wear good, beautiful clothing – this is the day of Eid-ul-Fitr after all! A day to be happy and a day to celebrate!
  • Buy good, versatile clothing that will last a long time and can be used often and on many occasions. Think beautiful, think practical, and don’t just rush for the latest fashions!
  • Aim to support local industries where workers are treated properly. This could be your local community seamstress, a South African company, or a third world country where the company has been approved that they are upholding workers’ rights.
  • Aim to buy clothing that is made from more environmentally friendly materials, and that are produced with the environment in mind.
  • Do a bit of spring cleaning before Eid and donate your pre-loved clothing to those who could also do with good clothing for this Eid.

If you are curious about ethical and sustainable clothing, here are some interesting articles to read:

3) Food and Feasts

”Eat and drink of what Allah has provided, and do not go about the earth spreading ‘Fasād’ (corruption, mischief, disorder).” (Quran, 2:60)

Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) commands us in the Noble Quran in surah 7, verse 31, that we must “eat and drink” but we should “not be excessive” i.e. we should neither eat too little nor too much. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) then continues in the verse to warn us that He (سبحانه و تعالى) does not like those who are excessive (in eating and drinking).

Eid-ul-Fitr is the Eid of feasting. After a month of fasting for the pleasure of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), we celebrate the bounties that we have been blessed with by cooking and eating a storm! However, as the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) teaches us, we as Muslims need to be moderate in all of our actions.

A few aspects to consider on the day when you are planning your menus:

  • Think of your energy consumption. Plan your preparation and cooking times to ensure that the stoves and ovens get switched on less frequently and for shorter periods of time.
  • Incorporate more healthier food options into your menu as well as food items that have a lower carbon footprint. Include vegetable dishes and fruit platters, and decrease the amount of meat and sweet that you serve. You will feel a whole lot better after a day of eating wiser!
  • Don’t waste food. Encourage guests to dish out food wisely, and respect what is not eaten. Save leftovers for the next day (less cooking work) or share it with others.

Eid-ul-Fitr is also a time to share our bounties:

  • Pay fitrah for all your household members, preferably well in advance.
  • Be charitable and give more than the minimum fitrah amount if possible.
  • Donate to the many of the charity organisations that feed the less fortunate, both local and international.
  • Donate to an animal shelter (SPCA) and help feed the creations of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).
  • Share the yummy delights and wholesome meals that you cook with those around you. Strengthen the ties of your relationship between family, friends, neighbours, employees, and colleagues.

May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) grant you baraqah in all the food that you make, eat and share on this upcoming day of Eid-ul-Fitr. Aameen.

4) Gifts and Decorations

Narrated `Aisha (رضي الله عنها): “Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to accept gifts and used to give something in return.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 2585, Book 51, Hadith 19)

For many, the day of Eid-ul-Fitr is the day of gifting, especially for our children (Eiddee!). It is the day when we take pride in beautifying our homes and our tables for our guests. There is reward in both giving gifts and in treating guests with honour.

Keeping moderation in mind, here are some guidelines to ensure you are more environmentally friendly and sustainable in your gifts and decorations:

  • If you are giving gifts, choose to give gifts that are environmentally friendly and will last a long time. Think wooden over plastic. Think of gifts that won’t be out of fashion next year and be thrown away (e.g. fidget spinners).
  • We learn from the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) that if we plant a plant, and a person, animal, or bird eats from the food it bears, we will receive reward for it, Insha’Allah (Sahih al-Bukhari 2320, Book 41, Hadith 1). Take advantage of this narration and gift seeds, plants, and trees. Visit your nursery and get advice on easy-to-care for plants, especially those plants that will be a source of food to some kind of creatures, Insha’Allah. Remember that birds, bees and other insects feed off the flowers of ornamental plants and trees!
  • Do not give pets as gifts! Most of the time, after the excitement has died down, the animals get neglected and are sent to animal shelters and the SPCA. Thereafter, sadly, many have to be put down.
  • When wrapping your gifts, try to use less wrapper. Don’t use plastic wrapping. Opt instead for recycled paper, newspaper, and old school notes – just make it funky! An additional advantage of this is that you will save a good few Rands.
  • Use less disposable plastic ware in your decorations, in serving food, and in food storage. Avoid cling wrap! Use containers with their lids to keep food airtight.
  • Theme your tables with green, reusable, and sustainable themes. Make it an up-cycling art project for the youth, or search the house for items that can be used. Be discrete, do not waste.

Remember, one less piece of plastic used today, is one less piece of plastic choking an animal somewhere tomorrow!

Get the green, generous, creative juices flowing!

5) Mission: Pure Earth

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “The earth has been made for me (and for my ummah) a masjid (place of prostration) and a means of purification (tayammum),” (Sahih al-Bukhari 335, Book 7, Hadith 2)

Wherever we are on earth, Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has made it a place that we can pray on and a means to purify ourselves with for our prayers. Indeed, the earth is among the āyāt (signs, evidences) that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) asks us to ponder on.

“And of His (Allah’s) signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colours. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge.”
(Quran, 30:22)

The earth is in constant glorification of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).

“The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him (Allah) and there is not a thing but glorifies His (Allah’s) Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He (Allah) is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving.” (Quran, 17:44)

Litter has many negative impacts on our environment:

  • It is unsightly and reflects badly on the people who live in and use those places.
  • Litter stinks, especially when it piles up.
  • Litter serves as a breeding ground for vermin including flies, cockroaches, and rats.
  • Litter clogs our drainage and sewage systems.
  • Litter pollutes our waterways, rivers, dams and oceans.
  • Animals, especially marine animals, mistake litter for food and eat it. This blocks their digestive system and causes them to die of starvation. Not a nice thing to do on Eid.

Removing harmful objects from the paths of others is part of the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) (Sahih Muslim 2618, Book 45, Hadith 170). A simple, powerful stance to take this Eid is to ensure that we keep our prayer grounds, masaajid, homes, parks and streets clean. Clean enough to pray on. Clean enough to purify ourselves with. Don’t litter this Eid, encourage others not to litter, and pick up litter – even if it’s not yours.

May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) open all your pathways in life, and keep them litter-free! Aameen.


6) Be Water Wise

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه) that: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) passed by Sa’d (رضي الله عنه) when he was performing wudhu (ablution), and He (ﷺ) said: ‘What is this extravagance?‘ Sa’d (رضي الله عنه) said: ‘Can there be any extravagance in wudhu?‘ He (ﷺ) said: ‘Yes, even if you are on the bank of a flowing river.’ (Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Book 1, Hadith 425)

Using water in excess of our needs has become the norm in today’s society, especially for the more fortunate of us who have the luxury of having multiple taps throughout our homes. When we open our taps and the water gushes out, it really is like a flowing river that we waste from! We forget where the water has come from and the cost that our water use has on our environment. The effects of our overuse is no stranger to us in our country. With the past and current droughts afflicting us in South Africa, our inability to use water sparingly and manage our water resources as a country has driven us into disaster status.

As Muslims, our relationship with water is of a unique nature. We need water for purification (istinja, wudhu, ghusl) on a daily basis for our prayers. After an entire day of fasting and not drinking water, one can’t help but appreciate the importance of water. The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) emphasised the saving of water even when it is plentiful. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) often speaks of the value of this valuable resource on in the Quran, with water being among the āyāt (signs, evidences) of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) reminds us that it is He (سبحانه و تعالى) who sends down water for us, causing rivers to flow and vegetation to grow for us and other animals to eat from. He  (سبحانه و تعالى) also addresses us in strong terms in Surah Waaqiah, reminding us to be grateful for His favours. He (سبحانه و تعالى) says, “And have you seen the water that you drink? Is it you who brought it down from the clouds, or is it We (Allah) who bring it down? If We willed, We could make it bitter, so why are you not grateful? ” (Quran, 56:68-70)

This Eid, take that extra care to ensure that you are water wise in all your activities. From cooking and cleaning, to washing and fun, choose to save as much water as possible. Remember to take the time out to sort out plumbing issues before the day of Eid.

Note of interest: Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) used water sparingly, even when making ghusl (bath) and wudhu (ablution). He (ﷺ) used to take ghusl with one Sa` (± 3ℓ, 4 Mudd) up to five Mudd (± 3.75ℓ) of water and used to perform wudhu (ablution) with one Mudd (± 750mℓ) of water. (Sahih Bukhari 201, book 4, hadith 7).

Eid Mubaarak!

Are you praying Eid Salaah as a community under the cloudy, blue skies in an open field? Are you sharing meals, making memories, and playing games with family, friends and neighbours in your home, yard or local park? Connect with the Creator, the community and the creation this Eid!

Remember to:

Eat well. Don’t waste food.
Don’t waste anything.
Gift nicely. Decorate wisely.
Play lovingly.
Pray with joy. Pray on time.
Pick up litter.
Keep your environment clean.
Help others. Be charitable.
Care for people. Care for creation.
Think of your Creator.
Think of the universe.
Thank your Creator.
Be the good guy. Be true.
Be Muslim.

May your Eid-ul-Fitr be a time of connection, contemplation and spiritual rejuvenation! May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) accept all of our acts of worship that we made during Ramadan and on the the day of Eid. May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) forgive us for all of our shortcomings. And may Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) give us the strength and dedication to continue with all good acts after this blessed month. Aameen.

Please find all articles and posters on #TheEidConnection series online ( or on social media – just search for Green Deen South Africa (@GreenDeenSA) on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.

Eid Mubaarak,

Green Verses, Ramadan 2015 – A verse per Juz/Para

Our first #GDRamadan Quran series from last year (2015) focused on bringing you a green, ecological verse from each juz/para every day. We have collated them below for you to have a refreshing read!

May Allah SWT make us of those who recognise, understand and appreciate all of His aayaah – in the Quran, within ourselves and in the universe around us. Aameen.

#greenverses #GDRamadan #Ramadan2015 #Ramadan1436


Quran, ch2, v11

Juz 1: Do not cause mischief on this earth… #greenverses #quran #GDRamadan #greenramadan


Quran, ch2, v164

Juz 2: Signs for people of understanding…


Quran, ch2, v261

Juz 3: Allah SWT draws a beautiful comparison between how much we spend in His way (i.e. on the poor and needy, on our relatives, on our friends, etc) and the reward we will receive in return, with how one single seed sown gives a multiplied produce of 700 times more seed. May Allah SWT accept all our acts of goodness we do and reward us many, more times over in return, Aameen.


Quran, ch3, v190-191

Juz 4: A true #greendeen favourite! And inshaAllah appropriate to all who read our posts!


Quran, ch4, v43

Juz 5: So, if we pollute all our waters and dirty the earth with our waste…how will we pray?


Quran, ch5, v31

Juz 6: The first burial of our modern human species was taught to us by Allah SWT through a crow! The first murder was committed by Qabil – one of the sons of Adam (AS). Qabil (Cain) was upset that he’s other brother Habil (Abel) got to marry he’s prettier twin sister while he had to marry Habil’s less prettier twin. Angry and resentful, Qabil struck Habil and killed him. Afterwards, Qabil felt ashamed of having murdered his brother and did not know what to do with the body. Allah SWT sent down a pair of crows (medium sized black birds) who fought with each other. The one killed the other and scratched a hole in the earth in which he buried the dead bird and covered it was sand. Qabil followed this example and buried his brother. May Allah SWT never make us of those who kill unjustly, Aameen.


Quran, ch6, v59

Juz 7: Allah SWT is the All Knowing, the All Aware…


Quran, ch7, v40

Juz 8: Stern warning – do not abuse the aayaat of Allah SWT! Aayaat in our Quraan, aayaat within us, aayaat in the world around us!


Quran, ch7, v100

Juz 9: May Allah SWT never make us of those who are abusers of our inheritance, that is, the earth and all that it contains. May our Sustainer never make us of those who spoil this inheritance that we will InshaAllah pass on to the following generations of mankind. And may our Creator never make us of those who are deaf to the beauty and power of His wonderous creations that surrounds us and continously gives joy to our hearts!


Quran, ch9, v89

Juz 10: Allah SWT has chosen the best and final destination for us in the hereafter to be “gardens beneath which rivers flow”. SubhanAllah. Do we take the time out of our busy days to take a deep breath in the gardens of this earth? Are we rejuvenating ourselves by sitting and contemplating as we see rivers flow by to be better human beings in the service of our creator? Can we truly even begin to imagine our Jannah if we don’t appreciate and understand the creations of our Creator? May Allah SWT be pleased with our actions in the service of Him and His creations, and may He bless us all with a place in the gardens of paradise.


Quran, ch10,v6

Juz 11: Signs that are all around us…


Quran, ch11, v6

Juz 12: Allah SWT has taken it upon Himself to provide sustenance (rizq) to all creatures in the lands, skies and waters, with this rizq being more for some than for others…


Quran, ch13, v3

Juz 13: Mountains, rivers and earth


Quran, ch16, v79

Juz 14: Birds in the sky are a sign of Allah SWT!


Quran, ch17, v43

Juz 15: We often forget that everything is in constant glorification of our Creator. The animate consciously glorifies Allah SWT. The inanimate glorifies Allah SWT by simply being the evidence of the true magnificence of Allah, the exalted. Sadly, we humans are “deaf” to this constant glorification of our Creator. The question we need to ask ourselves is…are we truly respecting our Creator by abusing that which glorifies Him? How would you feel if someone hurt the person who always said good things about you? Or how would you feel if someone threw dirt on the trophy that shows you were the best in academics or sports? May Allah SWT forgive us and give us the ability to “hear” and understand how the entire universe is in constant glorification of Him! Aameen.


Quran, ch20, v49-50

Juz 16: When Allah SWT draws our attention to Him in the Quraan, or when the Prophets (AS) of the past remind their people of Allah SWT, it is frequently through a description of Allah SWT as the originator, sustainer and controller of the universe and all that it contains. The guidance that Moosa AS is telling Firaun of in this verse is not the guidance we commonly associate with beings of intellect i.e. the guidance in humans and Jinn. Rather, it is more likely referring to the guidance that Allah SWT has given to non-intellectual beings to fulfil the purpose they were created for. The air, water and earth to support life, the fire as a source of energy, the bees to make honey, the animals to hunt and graze, etc. (Ma’ariful Qur’an)


Quran, ch21, v79

Juz 17: Dawood AS – the prophet that glorified our Creator along with other creations… Prophet Dawood (David) was a just and righteous ruler who brought about peace and prosperity among his people. He was honoured by Allah SWT to be a Messenger and delivered Allah SWT’s messages to the people through the precious gift of his melodious voice. When he recited the Zaboor it was as if the rest of creation chanted with him! They messages that Dawood AS delivered are famous and well remembered. They are known in the Bible as the “Psalms or Songs of David”.


Quran, ch24, v35

Juz 18: “The Verse of Light” contains a beautiful parable of the Light of Allah SWT. Its plain meaning is enough to mystify the reader, while its layers upon layers of spiritual meaning draws the deeper thinker into mysteries of delight. The physical light of this world is but a reflection of the true Light that is Allah SWT. We can only begin to comprehend Allah SWT by our limited senses, and the purest thing we can comprehend is light. Knowing this, we accept that the perfect Light of Allah SWT has none of the physical defections of the light that we see and has all the properties of “illumination” and “empowerment” far beyond the light that we see. A niche is a little recess that is found in the wall of a room (before we started using electricity) and in which lamps are placed. A niche is usually high up in the wall and thus allows the lamp, which gives of the light, to better shine down on the room and its contents below. The glass that makes up the outside of the lamp is transparent but glows white like star when the lamp is lit. The oil is the source of light, and olive oil is the best of oils. An olive tree that is neither of the East nor of the West could possibly mean that the tree is not limited to any single particular geographical location. It could also mean that the oil is the best of oils coming from a tree that receives full sunlight and not only receiving morning (eastern) nor only afternoon (western) sunlight. Allah SWT knows best. Allah SWT ends this verse by saying that He choses to guide with His Light who He wants to guide, and it is He who is all-knowing of everything. May Allah SWT make us of those who guided by His Light and of those who can have a taste of the beauty of this verse, Aameen.


Quran, ch25, v48

Juz 19: A simple reminder. It is Allah SWT who causes the winds to blow that are responsible for the formation and movement of clouds. It is Allah SWT who causes the rain to fall from these clouds, thus bringing down water from the sky. And it is this water that purifies and sustains the lands, the creatures and us. Let us be grateful for this Mercy upon us and let us not be of those who waste and pollute this precious resource of water, Aameen. Note: Often in the Quraan, when speaking of Himself, Allah SWT makes use of the “Royal Plural” (e.g. “We”) as a means of stressing His all-encompassing nature among other things.


Quran, ch27, v60

Juz 20: n the Noble Quraan, Allah SWT often draws our attention to the order, beauty and grandeur of the universe. Can we really think that there are multiple, conflicting gods or a weaker god besides the One True God? If we cannot even cause a tree to grow, how can we not recognise and not submit to the One True God?


Quran, ch30, v41

Juz 21: ‘Fasād is translated as evil, corruption, plight and calamities. This includes and is not limited to famine, epidemic diseases, frequency of the incidents of fires, drowning, lack of Allah’s blessing in everything, and reduction in profits and increases in losses in businesses… [Ma’ariful Qur’an] We need to sit back and self-reflect. Wars, land degradation, air pollution, water shortages, waste issues, human and animal rights violations, famine, human induced climate change…are we collectively the cause of it? Are we so wrapped up in chasing our own interests in this world that be have forgotten our roles as being leaders and caretakers of this Earth and all its creations? Have we forgotten that in order to attain success in the Hereafter we need to be accountable for all aspects of our lives in this world? Be an earthkeeper…even if it means only saving the life of a single trapped ant today… May Allah SWT protect us and the other creations of this earth from Fasād, Aameen.


Quran, ch33, v72

Juz 22: As custodians of this great Amānah we need to impress our Lord and fulfill the responsibility of caring for the world and its contents. This Amānah is so great that the heavens, earth and mountains declined to bear it for fear of failing! May Allah SWT makes us of those who are capable of upholding this Amānah that we have undertaken to bear, aameen.


Quran, ch39, v21

Juz 23: Rain, sky , rivers, crops


Quran, ch40, V57

Juz 24: The heavens and the earth includes all creations – from the distant galaxies to the tiny fleas on the stray cat that visits your backyard. We are but a tiny part of creation. Why are we so egocentric?


Quran, ch41, v53

Juz 25: If one looks at the creatures and creations of the whole universe, big and small, in the skies, on the land, in the water, they all bear witness not only to the existence of Allah Ta’ālā, but also to His Knowledge, His all-encompassing authority, and to His being One and unique. If one looks even nearer, at one’s own self, at each organ and limb, at the fine and fragile mechanisms and systems functioning within oneself, it simply leaves one in awe of Allah Ta’ālā.


Quran, ch47,v15

Juz 26: Subhanallah! The Gardens of Paradise…a true #GreenDeen dream! Unpolluted rivers of water…milk that never spoils…wine that is sweet to taste and does not intoxicate…honey that does not have to be cleaned and processed…and fruits of all kinds! May Allah SWT make us all of those who are fortunate to live in the Gardens of Paradise in the Hereafter, Aameen.


Quran, ch55, v6

Juz 27: The word “najm” may collectively refer to stars or to herbs (which are non-woody plants e.g. grass, dandelions, spinach, etc.) while “shajar” refers to woody plants with stems (trees, shrubs, etc.). The Sajdah (prostration) made by these elements differs from the sajdah made by those that have free will. We (humans, jinn) have the choice to submit or not. The submission of other elements, like the air, water, animals, plants, clouds, stars, black holes etc., is inherent in their nature. They fulfil their duties to their Creator in playing their roles in the universe without defecting. Subhanallah.


Quran, ch59, v5

Juz 28: Only once in his lifetime, whether in war or in peace, did the Prophet Muhammad SAW ever damage trees or any other part of nature without a direct need to use them. This verse [59:5] from the Quraan speaks of this exception. After the Battle of Uhud (3AH, 625AD), a matter arose where a companion of the Prophet Muhammad SAW mistakenly killed two men (after witnessing 70 fellow Muslims being murdered) and blood money had to be paid to the neighbouring tribe to which the two men had belonged to. The Prophet Muhammad SAW started to collect the money from both Muslims and non-Muslim residents of Madinah. This was according to the clauses of the Madinah Charter (one of the first written unilateral treaties) signed by the different parties of the city. Sadly the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadeer, after signing the treaty two years prior to this incident, and subsequently promising to pay their share of the blood money in this incident, attempted to assassinate the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Following this treachery, the Prophet Muhammad SAW offered them the option of evacuating the city. They refused and the only means of coaxing them to leave their well-stocked, heavily-fortified fortresses was to start burning their orchards. This situation was so exceptional that revelation was sent down to make clear mention of it and that the Muslims were granted special permission in this serious case. Never again would the Prophet Muhammad SAW harm the creation and he would repeatedly speak to his companions not to harm or ill-treat any creation.


Quran, ch67, v15

Juz 29: As humans, we have been given the ability and the permission to use the earth and its resources to seek our provision beyond that which other creatures are able to do. In this verse, Allah SWT warns us that even though we have been given this ability and permission, we must not be neglectful of death and the life-after-death. This world is a temporary abode. We will return to our Creator and be held accountable for all the good and evil that we did. We are often warned in the Quraan not to get caught up in chasing the worldly adornments of this life. It’s precisely this transgression that has resulted in a disconnect from each other and from our environment. It is this consumerism attitude that is largely responsible for the continued violation of social, economical and environmental rights across the globe. Seek your provision, but remember your return is to your Rabb.


Quran, ch113, v1-3

Juz 30: Despite there being many #greenverses in the last juz of the Quraan, it is simply befitting to end on a surah familiar to all of us – Surah Al-Falaq, The Break of Dawn. This surah, alongside the last Surah of the Quraan (Surah An-Nas), was revealed after the Prophet Muhammad SAW fell ill from being a victim of witchcraft. Surah Al-Falaq in particular tells us to seek Divine protection against worldy calamities, while Surah An-Nas tells us to seek Divine protection against calamities in the hereafter. Surah Al-Falaq is rich with the symbolism of daybreak and darkness. It is Allah SWT that causes the sun to rise, breaking the night, and thus vanquishing the evils and difficulties that are usually associated with darkness. It is Allah, Rabb (Lord) of the Daybreak, with whom we seek refuge from the “sharr” (evil) that He has created – whether this evil comes directly from mankind, or is a result of calamities from other creatures and creations in our world and universe.

#30PacketsOfGreeness, #Ramadan2016

2016 30 Packets of Greeness posterRamadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Muslims set themselves into a daily routine of rising above their physical needs in order to embrace greater spirituality. The month is filled with extra acts of worship, an emphasis on being a source of goodness, and an avoidance of any action that is of harm to others and to one’s surroundings.

Following up on our #30PacketsOfGreeness campaign last Ramadan (just search for the hashtag on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram!), we would like to invite you to take your daily remembrance (dhikr) of your Creator outside and practice on a Sunnah by cleaning up your neighbourhood. 30 days of fasting, 30 Juz (parts) of Quran, 30 sets of Taraweeh, 30 Sehris, 30 Iftaars…So why not 30 acts of environmental service to our Creator?

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said that removing harmful things from the path of others is an act of worship – Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim

2016 30 Packets of Greeness hadithPick up a packet of litter everyday or on as many days as you cann. On the way to the masjid. At your school or makhtab. At your local park. Around your work place. On your own. With a friend. With family. Wherever you are and whenever you can. Share with us your pictures of your #30PacketsofGreeness by tagging us on social media or emailing it through to us. Green Dawah on our streets!

Our duas (prayers) are with you as this special month of spiritual and self-discipline dawns upon us. Contemplate the deeper meaning of life Connect to your Creator! May you emerge from Ramadan spiritually uplifted, humbled, more conscious of the divine, more compassionate, and a better human being as a result of your worship. Aameen.

2016 30 Packets of Greeness collage 2015


Green Ramadan

Allah (SWT) has created us with very basic, physical needs – drinking, eating, sleeping and intimacy. These needs essentially connects us to our environment, and connects us to the living and non-living elements that surround us. Recognising these needs and this connection helps us to understand and embrace our dependence on our Creator through His creations.

Allah (SWT) has granted us free will. Often, in our state of spiritual weakness, we go against our inner fitrah and transgress the boundaries set down by our Creator. We lie, gossip, cheat and steal, we become unreasonably angry and fight, we become negligent of and harmful to our surroundings.  Ramadan is that month where we break from this routine. By raising above our physical needs, we become more aware of who we are. We become more aware of our dependence on and responsibilities to who and what surround us. We become more aware of our dependence on and submission to our Creator.

Many aspects of our fasting in Ramadan reinforces environmentally consciousness. From moderation in consumption to self-discipline, the principles emphasised in Ramadan are in accordance with good spiritual, social, economical and environmental practices. While we try to find a balance between work, food preparations, and prioritising our spiritual activities, we must simultaneously embrace a greener Ramadan.

To remind us of the unbreakable connection between our Deen and our actions, here is a series of theme-based tips for Ramadan – read below!

Be-a-green-soul-searching-tree-hugging-frog-loving-Muslim this Ramadan! (And thereafter!) #GDRamadan



Post One: Don’t waste food!

¤يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

“O Children of Adam! wear your adornment at every place of prayer: eat & drink: but be not excessive, for God does not love those who are excessive.” Noble Quraan, Surah Al-Araf, Ch7, V31

An important emphasis that needs to be made in this blessed month is that to waste food is sinful. The “waste” in wasting food is more than the little bit of food that we throw away, but rather is a lot more. The waste includes all the resources that goes in to the growth, preparation and delivery of food from the rural farms to our tables and includes the use of land, water, energy, petrol, packaging, pollution and effort. We have no right to simply throw this food away to rot in landfill sites on the outskirts of our towns!

Food considerations for this Ramadan.

  • Eat healthy food that is less processed. Locally-sourced, fresh foods are both good for our internal physical and spiritual environment, as well as the larger physical environment.
  • Estimate properly. We tend to make more rather than less in these hungry times, but just  think twice before frying another dozen of samoosas (or cut another dozen slices of cucumber #thinkgreen).
  • Share the bounties of leftover iftaar goodies with your visiting friends and family and send them off with ‘barakatjies’. (Barakatjies – like a doggy bag, but with more panache.)
  • Eat leftover iftaar food for sehri the next day.
  • Pack leftover savouries for non-fasting kids for school lunch (less preparation for you in the morning)
  • And best yet, plate it up beautifully and distribute it to needy people at the masjid or in your community.

Let us try to be green with the correct intention and may Allah reward us for caring for the resources that he has granted us.

Think deen, think green, think green deen! 🙂


Post Two: Use Water Wisely

¤ أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ الْمَاءَ الَّذِي تَشْرَبُونَ

¤ أَأَنتُمْ أَنزَلْتُمُوهُ مِنَ الْمُزْنِ أَمْ نَحْنُ الْمُنزِلُونَ

¤لَوْ نَشَاءُ جَعَلْنَاهُ أُجَاجًا فَلَوْلَا تَشْكُرُونَ

“And have you seen the water that you drink? Is it you who brought it down from the clouds, or is it We (Allah) who bring it down? If We willed, We could make it bitter, so why are you not grateful? ”
Quraan, Surah Al-Waaqiah, [56:68-70]

After an entire day of not drinking water (even during these short winter days ), one can’t help but appreciate the importance of water. Allah (SWT) often speaks of the value of this blessed resource that we are dependent on in several places of the Quraan. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) emphasised the saving of water even whilst using it when it is plentiful. It is reported that Prophet (SAW) saw Sa’d (RA) performing wudu he said: “What is this? You are wasting water.” Sa’d replied: “Can there be wastefulness while performing ablution?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “Yes, even if you perform it in a flowing river.” (Ibn Maja : 1990 : Vol. 1: 147: no.425).

So here are some tips, that if made with good intentions, Allah may reward us for our efforts:

  • When rinsing out fruit and vegetables, collect the water in a dish. Use it to wash out dirty dishes, mop the floors or even water the plants.
  • Cook with you pot covered where possible. You will use less water and energy.
  • When waiting for warm water for wudhu, fill up a bucket with the cold water and water the plants, use it elsewhere or fill up your istinja jug in the toilet.
  • Try to see how much water you can save by scooping water from a dish in the old fashioned way instead of using a running tap.
  • If the bucket-wudhu proves difficult remember: Say bismillah, don’t leave the tap running especially during masah, and complete your wudhu as quick as possible without talking. Win-win situation, follow the Sunnah way and save water!
  • Alternatively, take your wudhu outside and water the backyard vegetables at the same time.
  • Many of us are reluctant to bucket shower these day. The easiest way  to save water whilst showering – wet you body, close tap, lather soap, and then rinse off quickly.
  • After a long period of sitting down and reading quraan, take a walk round your house and make note of any dripping taps and possible pipe leaks. Fix them up asap (or call a plumber)!

May Allah guide our intentions and accept all our good actions this month. Aameen.


Post Three: Use Fuel and Energy Efficiently!

 ¤فَرَأَيْتُمُ النَّارَ الَّتِي تُورُونَ

¤أَأَنتُمْ أَنشَأْتُمْ شَجَرَتَهَا أَمْ نَحْنُ الْمُنشِئُونَ

“Then tell me about the fire which you kindle. Is it you who made the tree thereof to grow, or are We the Grower?” Noble Quraan, Surah Al-Waqi’ah, Ch56, V71-72

A care-for-the-environment advice series cannot be complete without reminding you to save electricity, energy and fuel. All sources of energy are from Allah (SWT). From the sun that we depend on, the oil from deep within the Earth, the fuelwood that we harvest and the more “man-made” forms of energy like electricity and petrol – everything comes from Allah (SWT). Acknowledging our dependence on these resources is an inherent aspect of Islam, and hence we as Muslims must not be wasteful or excessive in the use of these resources.

Use less petrol this Ramadan!
  • Take a walk to the masjid, work, school and to the shops.
  • Car pool or offer your neighbours and family members lifts, especially to the masaajid for salaah.

Save energy in the kitchen this Ramadan!

Remember that that by reducing our use of electricity we remove pressure from a winter-strained national grid. Try to use less electricity, especially at iftaar, with the intention of trying to avoid inconvenience from load-shedding to others.

  • Remember to switch off the stoves and oven after preparing for suhoor andiftaar, especially since iftaar is during the time when electricity is in demand.
  • Cook less of a variety to save on preparation energy costs.
  • Ovens use up a lot more than the stove-plates, so attempt to not use the oven everyday often by separating days for fried and baked goods.
  • Introduce a Ramadan Food Schedule to help to shorten cooking time in the kitchen so you can spend more time on Ibadat.
  • Reduce energy used to defrost foods in the microwave by letting it defrost outside earlier in the day.
  • Cook with lids on pots when possible.

Another great idea is to read Quraan and salaah in one room so as to minimise the number of heaters and lights that are switched on at one time. Important to note is the multiple benefits associated with many green tips. Take a walk = healthier for you. Give a lift to the neighbour = build good relationships. Pray together = build family ties. Insha-allah. May Allah (SWT) guide us and accept our efforts. Aameen.


Post Four: Reduce Your Waste

¤كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا مِن رِّزْقِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ

“Eat and drink of what Allah has provided, and do not go about the earth spreading ‘Fasād’ (corruption, mischief, disorder).”
Quraan, Surah Al-Baqarah [2:60]

As humanity, we often forget about the impacts of our daily activities on the earth. Our use of products in our homes, schools, businesses, masaajid, and community work has devastating consequences. Plastic and Styrofoam waste (especially single use plastics like shopping bags, straws, food containers, etc.) takes centuries to decompose. They usually end up in our oceans and result in the deaths of marine and land life. Just google it! You will be saddened at the picture of bird chicks, turtles, fish, dolphins, etc. choking and dying with our waste.

  • For food – package and store food using reusable containers instead of throwaways.
  • Gift gifts to family and friends in reusable and biodegradable packaging.
  • In our masaajid and charity drives, food and items need to be packaged using reusable containers and bags. These items can also be reused by those receiving it (e.g. a reusable bag can be used for years by a recipient instead of a plastic bag).
  • For clean-up after mass food distribution, encourage community members to assist in cleaning up. Additionally, this can be taken as an opportunity to create work in our job-scarce country.
  • Dispose of waste correctly and tidy up!

We need to think about the effects our use and abuse of “modern” products on Allah (SWT)’s world. By using less, using wisely, seeking alternatives, and giving to others sustainably, we will help contribute to a better world for all, Insha’Allah.



Post Five: Connect To Your Creator

¤إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لَآيَاتٍ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

“Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding.” Noble Quraan, Surah ‘Ali Ímran, Ch3, V190

The plants, the animals, the insects, the microbes, the landscapes and mountains, the rivers and oceans, the skies, the clouds, the stars, the sun are all the creations of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) talks of these ayaah, these signs, frequently in the Holy Quraan. Surahs are named after natural elements e.g. An-Nahl, The Bee, Ash-Shams, The Sun, Al-Layl, The Night. Allah (SWT) often takes oaths with various natural elements. Allah (SWT) repeatedly reminds us that these creations are created, owned and controlled by Him, and that they glorify Him and are a means of reflecting His Greatness.

The seerah of our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is also rich with the relationship he had with creation. His initial reflection on there being only one Creator was rooted in the time he spent contemplating the universe in the deserts. We know that the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was an advocate for not wasting resources, for keeping our environment clean, for planting trees and not cutting them down, for stressing the reward in treating animals kindly and the sin involved in ill-treating them.

Ramadan presents the perfect oppurtunity to connect spiritually with our Creator by contemplating on His creations as well as the chance to gain extra reward by doing “green” actions. Here are some simple green-spirit household ideas:

  • Ramadan is the month of the Quran. Identify the #greenverses while reading your daily Quran and ponder on their meanings.
  • Children love animals. Get your younger siblings, cousins and family members involved in sharing some of the nature-Ramadan spirit  like feeding birds or ducks.  Remind them that it pleases Allah (SWT).
  • Plant a tree or shrub in your yard. Name it “Our Ramadhaan Tree”. Kids will love it and ask them to guess how big it will be by next Ramadhaan, Insha-Allah. Keep track of its growth throughout the year and InshaAllah the green spirit and Ramadan fever will be kept alive for the year .
  • Alternatively, plant pot plants for your kitchen windowsill. Flowers or herbs – something to remind you to be thankful to Allah (SWT) and marvel at His creation.
  • Take your ibaadat outside, especially when the fasting tires you. Sit outside, under a tree or near some green vegetation and read Quran.
  •  Take your tasbeeh and family for a walk in a nearby green space instead of a walk in the mall over the weekend.
  • Take out some charity to help some of Allah (SWT)’s creation this month in addition to your routine charity The NSPCA is always in need of food and medical supplies to house stray, abandoned and abused animals. Or donate to an organisation that plants trees in poorer communities.

We should always keep in mind that it is Allah (SWT)’s creation. Caring and nurturing for them pleases him; abusing and being unmindful of his Greatness displeases him. May Allah (SWT) guide us all and be pleased with our actions.

International Green Khutbah Campaign 2016

The Green Khutbah Campaign is an international call-out made by our Canadian brothers and sisters from On Friday, April 22, 2016, (International Earth Day) Muslims will be encouraged by their religious leaders to look to Islamic principles to ‘Green Their Deen’ and promote greater environmental awareness. The Khutbah (which can be adapted for a pre-jumuah lecture by religious leaders), is titled “Let’s Create a Sustainable Future: Curbing Consumption, Conserving Energy & Commuting Smarter”. It first introduces the listener to what it means to be a khaleaf of the earth and how we need to appreciate and proactively respect the aayaat (signs) of Allah SWT that we find all around us. The lecture proceeds to speak on how our materialism, wastefulness and bad travel habits must be addressed as individuals and communities.

Green Deen South Africa would like to encourage all our imaams and ustaadhs to use this Green Khutbah on Friday, 22 April 2016. Use it as a lecture in our masaajid, religious gatherings, schools and makhtabs.

You can read more about the campaign at and read the entire lecture at

#earthday #greenkhutbah

Khaleafa green khutbah


How to be a Khalīfa of the Earth during the Ijtima!

Because caring for all creations, wherever, whenever, is part of being Muslim.

Ijtima 2016 Green Deen South Africa

  1. Getting there
    • Walk, ride a bicycle, or carpool. Less traffic. Less toxic fumes. Save petrol. Save money. Save the environment.
  2. Be courteous to the land and its inhabitants
    • The Ijtima grounds are the home of insects, birds and plants. They live there during the Ijtima and after the Ijtima. Respect them, respect our Creator.
  3. Reflect on the creation
    • It’s going to be busy, crowded and noisy. Look at the sky, the trees, the land, the ants and the bees. Breathe deeply. Relax. Remember Allah SWT. Thank Allah SWT for this Earth and its resources that we use (and often abuse).
  4. Be water wise
    • Because its Sunnah. Don’t waste water while making wudhu, istinjaa, ghusl, washing cars, etc.
  5. Respect your food
    • Wasting is an act of the devil (“Indeed the wasteful are the brothers of the devil” – Quran, 17:27) and a sin. Not only does wasting food create more rubbish and more methane gas, it is also a waste of money and resources, and of life itself. Yesterday, your chicken tikka was drinking water and eating grain at a farm nearby.
  6. Reduce your plastic wasteCarry a fabric bag for your shopping. Eat using your hands. Say no to straws. Share and reuse your plastic plates and glasses.
  7. Keep the land clean
    • Don’t litter. Use the bins. Pick up the litter that gets blown around. Get some exercise in between lectures.
  8. Do your green ghasht duty
    • Encourage others (nicely) to be good, green Muslims.

May Allah SWT enable us to be caretakers of His earth and all His Creation. May we find the discipline and strength to maintain the Ijtima grounds during and between Ijtimas. Aameen.
(And perhaps, InshaAllah, we will have waste reduction, sorting, decomposing and recycling facilities at our next ijtima.)



Paper For Purpose Callout 2015, Green Deen Middelburg

‒ Zakariyya Gardee, Middelburg. Mpumalanga, 2015-12-07. The past month has been significant. The first major project for Green Deen Middelburg was successfully completed ‒ Paper for Purpose! This initiative saw the team at Green Deen Middelburg collecting used paper from the Middelburg Muslim School for recycling at the local tissue factory. Recycling (the conversion of waste products into reusable material), is one of the best ways to help our environment. It helps conserve our natural, limited resources and decreases our waste. There are also financial gains to be made from recycling and this money can be used for the betterment of society.

Green Deen Middelburg, Paper for Purpose 2015 b

After getting the go ahead from the principal of the school, two students from Grade 10 and 11 were tasked with all the ground work  that included informing students and teachers, sticking up posters and collecting paper. There were a few hiccups – very little was collected from the older kids. A great deal of work is required to change the mindset of our Muslim Community towards the environment. Transport was also a problem, but Alhamdulillah, a solution was found and 126.5 kilograms of paper was successfully recycled. This has already seemed to have had a positive effect, as many teachers at the school have started collecting more paper for recycling.

Green Deen Middelburg, Paper for Purpose 2015

The future for Green Deen Middelburg looks bright! Plans are being made to implement a full scale recycling project at the school inSha’Allah by the end of the first school term next year. We believe that starting with our youth is the best way to ensure a long-term future for the organisation in Middelburg as environmentally-aware children will, one day, become environmentally-aware parents biidhnillah. The organisation is small at the moment with less than ten members, so recruitment of new members is top of our agenda. As Richard Rogers once said, “The only way forward, if we are going to improve the quality of the environment, is to get everybody involved.”

2015-11-12 Paper for a Purpose Green Deen

A big thanks would like to be made to the following:

  • Sister Atiyya Gardee for coming up with the idea, as well as helping with all the emails and phone calls where necessary.
  • Ahmad Bhayat for the groundwork.
  • Hafedh Usaamah Gardee and Hafedh Ebrahim Kadwa for providing transportation.
  • Apa Shabiera Bavaddin and Moulana Ahmad at the school for donating paper and providing any assistance needed.
  • Green Deen South Africa for making the posters and providing advice.
  • All those at Middelburg Muslim Schools who collected paper and helped out.

To support Green Deen Middelburg, please contact:

  • Zakariyya Gardee – 074 825 0890
  • Ahmed Bhayat ‒ 079 675 1759

Muhammad Zakariyya Gardee, the author of this article, is 18 years old and is finishing Grade 11 this year (2015). He is part of Green Deen Middelburg and would like to study Medicine after school insha’Allah. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, exercise and computer games.

Green Week 2015 call-out: #TheQurbaniConnection

Since Green Deen South Africa started in 2013, there has been an annual #GreenDeen call-out for the first week of September (Arbour week). The theme in 2013 was on “Islam and the Environment”, while last year, 2014, was focused on the “War on Waste” call-out. The idea behind it is for individuals (parents, teachers, students, scholars, ulema) and organisations (schools, madressahs, masaajid, businesses, media and ulema organisations) to get thinking, take up the call and involved in their own capacity. We have provided the ideas and basic information, but we trust that you are the most capable change makers in what every you do and where ever you are based! May Allah SWT guide all our efforts and reward us abundantly on this Earth and in the Hereafter, Aameen.

The last month of the lunar Islamic calendar, Dhu-Al-Hijja, and the Festival of the Sacrifice, Eid-ul-Adha, is almost upon us. This year, Green Deen Week (Monday 31st August to Sunday 6th September) is focusing on #TheQurbaniConnection. So…get reading and get connecting!

Read more:


Qurbaani connection poster G


Think. Talk. Engage….and get back to us! #TheQurbaniConnection

Eid-ul-Fitr 2015 – #TheEidConnection

Community. Creation. Creator. Connect.


Your Feelings.Your Thoughts. Your Experiences.


Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎) , “festival of breaking of the fast”),  is an religious day celebrated by Muslims across the globe. This Eid marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). Eid al-Fitr has a particular Salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two Rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall.

A strong emphasis that we need to find on the days of Eid is our connection to our Creator, community and universe. Pray Eid Salaah as a community under the cloudy, blue skies in an open field. Eat ice cream and play games with family, friends and neighbours in your yard or local park? How will you connect with the Creator, the community and the creation this Eid? #TheEidConnection


Green Deen Eid-ul-Fitr 1436 2015 2 Green Deen Eid-ul-Fitr 1436 2015 3 Green Deen Eid-ul-Fitr 1436 2015 4

#30DaysOfRamadan, #30PacketsOfGreeness

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar when Muslim set themselves into a daily routine of rising above their physical needs and wants in order to embrace greater spirituality. The month is filled with extra acts of worship, an emphasis on being a source of goodness, and an avoidance of any action that is of harm to one’s surroundings. 30 days of fasting, 30 Juz of Quran, 30 sets of Taraweeh, 30 Sehris, 30 Iftaars…So why not 30 acts of environmental service to our Creator?

This Ramadan 2015 sister Fatima Ragie, coordinator of Green Deen South Africa, has challenged herself to do her daily remembrance (dhikr) of her Creator outside – while practicing on a Sunnah! She will InshaAllah be picking up 30 packets of waste in her not-too-clean home suburb of Zinniaville, Rustenburg, North-West.

Green Dawah on our streets! Join her on her journey, wherever you are, whenever you can. Do it silently or spread the word. Follow her pickups on twitter and Instagram (@fhragie, @GreenDeenSA). Also, do share with us your pictures of your #30PacketsofGreeness by tagging us on social media or emailing it through to us.

2015 30 Packets of Greeness

Our duas (prayers) are with you as this special month of spiritual and self-discipline dawns upon us. Contemplate the higher purpose and deeper meaning of life! Connect to your Creator! May you emerge from Ramadaan spiritually uplifted, humbled,  more conscious of the divine, more compassionate, and a better human being as a result of your worship. Aameen.


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